Line 1: genetics, physiology and ecology of microorganisms.
Regulation of gene expression and global regulatory mechanisms. Pathogenicity and virulence factors. Analysis of microbial genomes. Microbial growth and fermentation processes. Metabolic flux and metabolomics. Development and structure of microbial communities associated with water, soil, plants and animals. Biodiversity in aquatic and terrestrial environments. Interactions between populations of microorganisms. Nutrient cycling and biogeochemical cycles. Antimicrobial agents. Biological associations of microorganisms in plants and animals.
Line 2: Processes and microbiological products.
Isolation, selection and breeding of mycelial fungi, yeasts, bacteria and viruses and processes development for the production of cells, enzymes, proteins and metabolites of interest for the agricultural and environmental industry. Development of methods for detection and control of pathogenic microorganisms, spoilage of food and resistant to antibiotics.